Heathy Casa

Stay updated with news, ideals and new technology for your health!

Month: May 2018

For Memorial Day: Arlington National Cemetery’s NLM Connections

As I am will gently placed a wreath on the grave of a soldier who fought in Worldwide War I will am, as part of an annual laying of wreaths ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery last December, I am thought about the many American heroes who rest there.
Several were leaders of the National Library of Medicine & its antecedents, and others had significant NLM ties. Here are a few examples.
Colonel John Shaw Billings, MD
The first director of the Library of the Surgeon General’s Office of the Army (later NLM), John Shaw Billings served at the battles of Chancellorsville & Gettysburg. He led and revolutionized the Library of the Surgeon General’s Office of the Army from 1865 to 1895, & began calling it the national library of medicine about 80 years before it received that official designation.
Colonel Robert Fletcher, MD
Robert Fletcher was principal assistant librarian from 1876 to 1912. He assisted John Shaw Billings in compiling the Library’s Index-Catalogue, the first volume of which appeared in 1880. He was an editor-in-chief of the Index Medicus. Despite 35 years of work on these bibliographies, Dr. Fletcher also contributed to the literature of anthropology and the history of medicine & was a recipient of many degrees & honors.
Colonel Fielding Garrison, MD
Fielding Garrison, who served as principal assistant librarian from 1912 to 1917, was an acclaimed medical historian, bibliographer, and librarian of medicine. His An Introduction to the History of Medicine (1913) is considered a landmark text in this field. Appropriately, Dr. Garrison’s portrait now hangs in the Incunabula…

Do Teething Babies Need Medicine on Their Gums? No

Español
 Subscribe: FDA Consumer Health Information
Teething is a normal part of childhood and should not be treated with homeopathic remedies, like teething tablets, or prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) medications that are rubbed on the gums.
Benzocaine—a local anesthetic—is the active ingredient in several OTC oral health care products such as Anbesol, Baby Orajel, Cepacol, Chloraseptic, Hurricaine, Orabase, Orajel, & Topex. These products are not useful for treating sore gums due to teething because they wash out of a baby’s mouth within minutes. What’s more, they can be dangerous.
The use of benzocaine gels, sprays, ointments, solutions, & lozenges for mouth & gum pain can lead to a serious—and sometimes fatal—condition called methemoglobinemia, in which the oxygen-carrying capacity of red blood cells is greatly reduced. 
That’s why the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) is warning parents & caregivers that benzocaine products should not be used to treat teething pain in infants or children.
What You Can Do for Teething Children
On average, children begin teething around 4 to 7 months, & have a total of 20 “baby teeth” by age 3. 
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), occasional symptoms of teething include mild irritability, a low-level fever, drooling, & an urge to chew on something hard.
Because teething happens during a time of much change in a baby’s life, it is often wrongly blamed for congestion, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, & sleep disturbances.
If your child’s gums are swollen & tender:
gently rub or massage the gums with your finger
give your child a teething ring made of firm rubber…

Genetics Home Reference: spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance

Harms MB, Ori-McKenney KM, Scoto M, Tuck EP, Bell S, Ma D, Masi S, Allred P, Al-Lozi M, Reilly MM, Miller LJ, Jani-Acsadi A, Pestronk A, Shy ME, Muntoni F, Vallee RB, Baloh RH. Mutations in the tail domain of DYNC1H1 cause dominant spinal muscular atrophy. Neurology. 2012 May 29;78(22):1714-20. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182556c05. Epub 2012 Mar 28.
Martinez-Carrera LA, Wirth B. Dominant spinal muscular atrophy is caused by mutations in BICD2, an important golgin protein. Front Neurosci. 2015 Nov 5;9:401. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2015.00401. eCollection 2015. Review.

Neveling K, Martinez-Carrera LA, Hölker I'm, Heister A, Verrips A, Hosseini-Barkooie SM, Gilissen C, Vermeer S, Pennings M, Meijer R, te Riele M, Frijns CJ, Suchowersky O, MacLaren L, Rudnik-Schöneborn S, Sinke RJ, Zerres K, Lowry RB, Lemmink HH, Garbes L, Veltman JA, Schelhaas HJ, Scheffer H, Wirth B. Mutations in BICD2, which encodes a golgin & important motor adaptor, cause congenital autosomal-dominant spinal muscular atrophy. Am J Hum Genet. 2013 Jun 6;92(6):946-54. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2013.04.011. Epub 2013 May 9.

Rossor AM, Oates EC, Salter HK, Liu Y, Murphy SM, Schule R, Gonzalez MA, Scoto M, Phadke R, Sewry CA, Houlden H, Jordanova A, Tournev I'm am, Chamova T, Litvinenko I will am, Zuchner S, Herrmann DN, Blake J, Sowden JE, Acsadi G, Rodriguez ML, Menezes MP, Clarke NF, Auer Grumbach M, Bullock SL, Muntoni F, Reilly MM, North KN. Phenotypic & molecular insights into spinal muscular atrophy due to mutations in BICD2. Brain. 2015 Feb;138(Pt 2):293-310. doi: 10.1093/brain/awu356. Epub 2014 Dec 14.

Scoto M, Rossor AM, Harms…

Age-Related Racial Disparity in Suicide Rates Among U.S. Youth

News Release
Monday, May 21, 2018 NIH-funded study suggests need for more research into contributing factors; targeted interventions for children. New research suggests the suicide rate is roughly two times higher for black children ages 5-12 compared with white children of the same age group. The study, funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), appears online May 21 in JAMA Pediatrics.
Suicide is a major public health problem & a leading cause of death in the United States. While suicide among young children is quite rare, it can be devastating to families, friends, & communities. Past patterns of national youth suicide rates revealed higher rates for white compared to black youth.
Jeffrey Bridge, Ph.D., of the Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, Lisa Horowitz, Ph.D., of the NIMH Intramural Research Program, and coauthors set out to investigate race-related differences in suicide rates in youth overall. Using data from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention’s Web-based Injury Statistics Query & Reporting System (WISQARS), which provides fatal & nonfatal injury, violent death, and cost-of-injury data, the team of researchers analyzed the data from 2001-2015 separately for children ages 5-12 & adolescents ages 13-17.
The findings suggest the suicide rate is roughly two times higher for black children compared with white children of the same age group. These results were observed in both males & females. In contrast, the rate of suicide for black adolescents was half that of white adolescents; these results held when the data were analyzed by sex.
“While the…

Women with Pregnancy-Related Diabetes May be at Risk for Chronic Kidney Disease

News Release
Monday, May 21, 2018 Gestational diabetes may predispose women to early-stage kidney damage, a precursor to chronic kidney disease, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions. The study appears in Diabetes Care.
Gestational diabetes occurs only in pregnancy & results when the level of blood sugar is too high. The condition increases the risk for preterm birth & cesarean delivery, among other complications. Other forms of diabetes that occur outside of pregnancy are known to increase the risk for chronic kidney disease, in which the kidneys have difficulty filtering wastes from the blood. Few studies have investigated the potential link between gestational diabetes & chronic kidney disease.
“Our findings suggest that women who have had gestational diabetes may benefit from periodic checkups to detect early-stage kidney damage & receive subsequent treatment,” said the study’s Senior author, Cuilin Zhang, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., of the Epidemiology Branch at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD).
The researchers found that women who had gestational diabetes were more likely to have a high glomerular filtration rate (GFR), an estimate of how much blood per minute passes through the glomeruli, the tiny filters within kidneys that extract waste from the blood. Many researchers think that a very high GFR can precede the early kidney damage that accompanies pre-diabetes — higher than normal blood sugar levels that are not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
The work was conducted as part of the NICHD-funded Diabetes…

NIH-Funded Researchers Identify Target for Chikungunya Treatment

Media Advisory
Monday, May 21, 2018 What
Scientists have identified a molecule found on human cells & some animal cells that could be a useful target for drugs against chikungunya virus infection & related diseases, according to new research published in the journal Nature. A team led by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis conducted the research, which was funded in part by the National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.
Chikungunya, an alphavirus, is transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. Currently no specific treatment is available for chikungunya virus infection, which can cause fever and debilitating joint pain and arthritis. Small, sporadic outbreaks of chikungunya occurred in Africa, Asia, Europe, & the Indian and Pacific Oceans after the virus was identified in the 1950s. In 2013, the virus spread to the Americas & has since caused a widespread and ongoing epidemic.
In this study, scientists aimed to better understand which traits make humans susceptible to chikungunya virus infection. Using the gene-editing tool CRISPR-Cas9, they performed a genome-wide screen that identified the molecule Mxra8 as a key to the entry of chikungunya virus & related viruses into host cells. In the laboratory, scientists were able to reduce the ability of chikungunya virus to infect cells by editing the human & mouse genes that encode Mxra8. The researchers also administered anti-Mxra8 antibodies to mice & infected the mice with chikungunya virus or O’nyong-nyong virus, another alphavirus. The antibody-treated mice…

Annual Report to the Nation: Overall Cancer Mortality Continues to Decline, Prostate Cancer Mortality Has Stabilized

News Release
Tuesday, May 22, 2018 The latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer finds that overall cancer death rates continue to decline in men, women, & children in the United States in all major racial & ethnic groups. Overall cancer incidence, or rates of new cancers, decreased in men & were stable in women from 1999 to 2014. In a companion study, researchers reported that there has been an increase in incidence of late-stage prostate cancer & that after decades of decline, prostate cancer mortality has stabilized.
The annual report is a collaborative effort between the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); the American Cancer Society; & the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR). The studies appeared online in Cancer on May 22, 2018.
“This year’s report is an encouraging indicator of progress we’re making in cancer research. As overall death rates continue to decline for all major racial and ethnic groups in the United States, it’s clear that interventions are having an impact,” said NCI Director Ned Sharpless, M.D. “The report also highlights areas where more work is needed. With steadfast commitment to patients & their families, we will be able to lower the mortality rates faster & improve the lives of those affected by cancer.”
The report includes mortality data through 2015. It shows that, from 1999 to 2015, overall cancer death rates decreased by 1.8 percent per year among men & by 1.4…

Melanie Wholesale Inc. Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Peanuts in Melanie Mini Cookies with Caramel Flavor

Melanie Wholesale Inc. of Brooklyn, NY is recalling its 17.6 oz (500g) package of “Melanie Mini Cookies with Caramel Flavor”, because they contain undeclared peanuts.  People who have allergies to peanuts run the risk of serious or life-threatening allergic reaction if they consume these products.
The recalled “Melanie Mini Cookies with Caramel Flavor” were distributed nationwide in retail stores.  The product comes in a 17.6 oz (500g) clear plastic package with an expiration date (all dates).  The product UPC 4770049082126.
No illnesses or allergic reactions involving this product have been reported to date.
The recall was initiated after routine sampling by New York State Department of Agriculture & Markets Food Inspectors & subsequent analysis by Food Laboratory personnel revealed that the peanut –containing product was distributed in packages that did not reveal the presence of peanuts.
Consumers who have purchased 17.6 oz (500g) package of “Melanie Mini Cookies with Caramel Flavor” are urged to return them to the place of purchase for a full refund. Consumers with the questions may contact the company at 1-718-492-8492 Attention Sergey Trotsky.
### …

Melanie Wholesale Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Peanuts in Cookies

Melanie Wholesale Inc. of Brooklyn, NY is recalling its 17.6 oz (500g) package of “Melanie Liubitelskie Cookies”, because they contain undeclared peanuts. People who have allergies to peanuts run the risk of serious or life-threatening allergic reaction if they consume these products.
The recalled “Melanie Liubitelskie Cookies” were distributed nationwide in retail stores. The product comes in a 17.6 oz (500g) clear plastic package with an expiration date (all dates). The product UPC 4770049011188.
No illnesses or allergic reactions involving this product have been reported to date.
The recall was initiated after routine sampling by New York State Dept. of Agriculture and Markets Food Inspectors & subsequent analysis by Food Laboratory personnel revealed that the peanut –containing product was distributed in packages that did not reveal the presence of peanuts.
Consumers who have purchased 17.6 oz (500g) package of “Melanie Liubitelskie Cookies” are urged to return them to the place of purchase for a full refund. Consumers with the questions may contact the company at 1-718-492-8492 Att.: Sergey Trotsky, Manager.
### …

NLM Technical Bulletin, May-Jun 2018, MeSH Indexing Policy Change for Obituaries and In Memoriam

Table of Contents: 2018 MAY–JUNE No. 422
Previous
MeSH Indexing Policy Change for Obituaries and In Memoriam. NLM Tech Bull. 2018 May-Jun;(422):b5.
2018 May 21 [posted]
As of June 1, 2018, obituaries & in memoriam articles will no longer be cited & indexed with Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) for MEDLINE.
In the past, many obituaries and “in memoriam” articles were indexed for MEDLINE based on subjective criteria that lead to inconsistent coverage; if an article was substantive it was cited & indexed with MeSH. However, most obituaries & in memoriam articles are not substantive & will no longer be cited and indexed. Substantive biographies will continue to be indexed for MEDLINE.

Heathy Casa © 2018 Frontier Theme
Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!