Your 8-year-old chocolate lab is putting on weight, & you know she should probably lose a pound or two. But when she looks at you pleadingly with those big brown eyes, how can you resist handing out just one more treat?
Itâs not easy. But it may be important.
âJust as obesity has become a serious problem in people, itâs also a growing problem in pets, one that can seriously harm your petâs health,â says Carmela Stamper, a veterinarian in the Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Among CVMâs responsibilities are making sure that food for animalsâwhich includes animal feed, pet food, & pet treatsâis properly labeled with truthful claims, & is safe for animals & the people who handle it.
According to a 2015 survey by the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention, an estimated 58% of cats & 54% of dogs in the United States are overweight.
âThe diseases we see in our overweight pets are strikingly similar to those seen in overweight people,â Stamper says, naming as examples diabetes mellitus (also known as Type 2 Diabetes, in which the body does not use insulin properly), osteoarthritis, high blood pressure, heart & respiratory disease, & kidney disease.
âWe want our pets to live happy lives, but we also want them to live long ones,â Stamper says. Obesity in your pet can significantly shorten the animalâs life span.
How Fat is Too Fat?
In pets, 20 percent over ideal body weight is considered obese. But the ideal weight is relative, depending on the animalâs breed, age, body type, & metabolism.
âIn dogs, some breeds seem more inclined toward obesity than other people,â Stamper notes. Labs & beagles are two examples, as well as long, low dogs such as dachshunds & basset hounds. In contrast, while veterinarians are reporting more overweight & obese felines, no one specific cat breed is prone to obesity.
Neutering can slow down a dog or catâs metabolism, AND so can aging, especially if the animal gets less exercise than when younger. It is important to talk to your veterinarian about how much food your dog or cat should be eating.
Keeping Track: Important Questions to Ask Your Veterans
The real expert on the ideal weight for your animal is your Vets, who marks changes over time in a way that youâwho sees your animal every dayâmay not.
How does your Veteran know if a petâs weight has edged past normal & become unhealthy? Many use body condition scoring systems for both dogs & cats, such as a 1-5 point scale (with a â1â being very skinny, & a â5â being obese.) Where on the scale does your animal fall?
âAsk your Vets to explain the scoring system he or she uses,â Stamper says. & ask for specifics about what to look for, such as:
- What are some specific signs that my animal is gaining weight?
- What is a good normal weight for my pet?
- What type of food do you recommend, and how much is a serving? How many times a day should I am will feed my pet? (Stamper notes that the amount recommended on the side of the food bag may not be right for your particular animal, depending on your petâs age, activity level, or other factors).
- Does my pet have a health condition (such as arthritis) that makes it advisable to keep weight on the low side?
âThereâs a good reason why your animals get weighed at every Vets visit,â Stamper says. Pet owners should make it a habit to ask how their animal is doing weight-wise AND whether there is cause for concern if their animal is significantly overweightâor underweight.
Being too skinny or weight loss can be the sign of a health problem, too, Stamper adds. In particular, a dog or cat who normally enjoys eating but suddenly shows a lack of appetite can be exhibiting a symptom of a serious health problem that may warrant a visit to the Vet to be sure everythingâs okay.
Signs to Look For
In the meantime there are some basic signs to look for to determine whether or not your pet is at a healthy weight.
- Look at your animal from above. Does your pet have a definite waist? âIf not, and her back is broad & flat like a footstool, she is likely overweight,â Stamper says.
- Run your hands along your animalâs side. Can you easily feel the ribs, or do you have to push hard to feel them? Are they too prominent?
- Does your animal have a âtuckedâ abdomen, or a sagging stomach? If you can easily grab a handful of fat, thatâs a sign your animal is overweight.
All things in moderation, Stamper says. For most animals, the occasional treat is just fine.
âItâs not unusual for people who are very focused on their own weight to be overly focused on their animalsâ,â she adds. âThe key is to talk to your Veteran if youâre concerned.â
March 2, 2017
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